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Three highly dangerous viral diseases of dogs

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There are especially dangerous viral diseases in dogs, from which they can be protected by preventive measures. It is very difficult or even impossible to save an already sick pet. We will tell you in detail about three dangerous viral diseases – rabies, the plague of carnivores, parvovirus enteritis – and we will name a way to protect a pet from these ailments.

Rabies
Rabies is a particularly deadly infectious disease caused by the rabies virus.

It is a mortal danger not only for pets but also for humans.

The disease is transmitted from the saliva of a sick animal when bitten. Moreover, it may not only be a dog. Among the main distributors of rabies in nature are the red fox, raccoon dog, and hedgehog.

The virus trapped in the wound spreads along the nerve pathways and reaches the brain, where it multiplies rapidly. The rabies virus infects the nerve cells of the brain, hippocampus, reaches the spinal cord, and causes significant disturbances in the work of the dog’s body. Meningoencephalitis and other inflammatory processes begin, other dystrophic and necrotic changes occur. Death occurs due to asphyxia and cardiac arrest.

The virus gradually enters all organ systems, including the salivary glands. The incubation period is most often two to three weeks. The danger is that the saliva of a pet sick with rabies becomes contagious two to ten days before the onset of clinical symptoms.

The typical course of the disease can be divided into three stages. The early period takes one to three days. There is a sharp change in behavior, depression, anxiety, pain at the site of the bite, an increase in body temperature. Then the sick dog becomes aggressive, salivation increases, a feeling of fear, fear of hydration, high sensitivity to noise, and a bright light appears. This stage lasts from one to four days.

In the third stage of the disease, the dog is no longer hyperactive and restless, but this is an apparent improvement. At this moment, paralysis of the hind legs, eye muscles begins, due to paralysis, the jaw begins to drop. The dog absorbs inedible things like rags, stones. Respiratory muscle paralysis causes death by suffocation. In general, the duration of the illness ranges from five to 12 days.

In the atypical course of the disease, some of the symptoms of rabies in the dog are absent or mild. Aggressiveness, excitement may be absent, but paralysis can begin very quickly. The disease proceeds slightly more slowly than in the variant described above. In such cases, the final diagnosis can be made only after the death of the pet.
Plague
Plague of carnivores is an acute or subacute viral disease, characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes with profuse discharge of secretions, fever, lesions of the skin, and the central nervous system (central nervous system). A combination of these symptoms is possible.

The disease spreads easily from pet to pet. Plague infection of carnivores occurs through the organs of the digestive system and the respiratory tract. Once in the dog’s body, the plague virus enters the bloodstream and tissues.

In the environment, the virus appears with the secretions of sick pets – secretions from the eyes, nose, mouth, stool and urine, dead epithelium. A dog can become infected not only through contact with a sick pet but also through care products – bedding, bowls, leashes, brushes. The virus can be transmitted by a person – for example, on the soles of outdoor shoes.

Plague of carnivores in dogs can develop in various forms – from fulminant to atypical course of the disease. According to clinical symptoms, catarrhal, intestinal, pulmonary, nervous, cutaneous, and mixed forms of plague are distinguished. But the division is conditional. The virus infects all systems of the body. One strain can cause different symptoms in different individuals. Puppies under the age of three months are especially vulnerable to the virus, the mortality of this category of pets in case of infection reaches 100%.

Plague treatment is most effective in the early stages. The veterinarian prescribes therapy aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease – the pathogen. Plague is accompanied by many symptoms, so the doctor uses an individual approach when prescribing treatment and focuses on the signs of the disease in the dog.

Parvovirus enteritis
Parvovirus or hemorrhagic enteritis of dogs is an acute viral disease with a high risk of infecting other pets from a sick individual. Veterinarians call parvovirus enteritis one of the most common infectious diseases in dogs. Experts believe that the disease becomes widespread with a high population density of dogs.

Parvovirus enteritis in dogs is accompanied by vomiting, bleeding inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, damage to the heart muscle, leukopenia, and dehydration. The most vulnerable are puppies between the ages of two months and a year; for puppies under five months of age, the disease can result in death.

Treatment of parvovirus enteritis in dogs should be individual, complex, especially in puppies. The veterinarian focuses on the dominant signs of the disease and, already at the stage of preliminary diagnosis, applies therapy aimed at eliminating the cause. The earlier treatment is started, the more effective it will be.

Viral diseases of dogs
Prophylaxis
If you suspect a viral disease, your pet must be urgently taken to a veterinary clinic. Self-medication is completely out of the question.

Experts call vaccination the best prevention of viral diseases in dogs. Scheduled vaccinations aren’t just for the puppy. An adult dog needs to undergo a comprehensive vaccination once a year. Getting your dog vaccinated against rabies is saving his life. For other viral diseases, we can say that they are more susceptible to young individuals and dogs with weakened immune systems.

Observe safety rules. While walking, do not allow your pet to pick up and eat something from the ground, drink water from reservoirs with stagnant water, exclude contact with stray animals.

Take care of your four-legged friends. The correct diet, comfortable conditions of detention, and timely vaccination will help prevent many troubles. We wish your pet’s health!

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