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Cystitis in dogs


What is cystitis?
With cystitis, the pathological process is concentrated in the bladder, and not only the mucous membrane of the organ but also its muscle layer can be affected.

The disease occurs as follows: pathogenic microbes (Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, etc.) enter the bladder through the urinary tract. There, bacteria form ulcers and destroy the lining of the organ.

Most often, cystitis occurs in females due to the structural features of their urinary system – it is more open and shorter than in males. Hormonal surges, frequent pregnancies, and childbirth weaken the dog’s immune system, which puts it even more at risk of Disease.

Also, the disease often occurs in dogs of small or short-legged breeds. In the cold season, their body is weakened, and the close location of the genitals to the ground provokes hypothermia.

Cystitis in dogs
Causes of cystitis
We found that most often cystitis occurs in females and small breeds, but there are several other reasons for the development of this disease in any dog:

swimming in ice water;

a prolonged stay on a cold surface (for example, sleeping on a tile);

inflammation and stones in the kidneys and bladder;

genital infections;

various neoplasms;


problems with the vessels of the urinary system;

drug treatment or long-term treatment with highly toxic drugs;


food allergies, food, and hormonal abnormalities, poor quality feed;

vaginitis (in females).

Any oddities in the behavior of the dog should alert the owner. And although the pet cannot say that it hurts, the onset of the ailment can be calculated by several symptoms.

Cystitis symptoms
If your four-legged friend shows one or more signs, this is a good reason to sign up for a veterinary clinic:

excessive irritability and aggression;

urine with secretions (mucus, pus, blood), cloudy and with a pungent odor;

decreased appetite; the refusal of food and water

the abdominal wall is dense to the touch;

constant thirst;

feverish condition;

the pet goes to the toilet for a long time and often “in a small way”, urine is released little by little;


hematuria or blood in the urine

males do not raise their hind legs when urinating, because it hurts them to do it;

sometimes the urine is passed involuntarily;

the dog asks to use the toilet more often than usual.

Any of the above symptoms of cystitis in a dog is a reason to start treatment immediately. It should be carried out only under the supervision of a veterinarian: self-medication may not only not help, but also significantly aggravate the situation.

Cystitis in a dog
How to cure cystitis?
It is necessary to take the dog to the clinic in any case, even if the symptoms are weak or rare. Better to be on the safe side.

To make the correct diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe an examination of the four-legged, take urine and blood for analysis. A bacterial test is likely to be needed to determine the type of infection.

Another doctor may prescribe:

cystoscopy (examination of the bottom and walls of the bladder using a cystoscope);

Ultrasound (to see how common the disease is, whether there are stones, whether other organs have been affected);

X-ray (shows neoplasms).

Medicines are prescribed only by a doctor. In no case should you buy medications and do not treat the dog yourself without the supervision of a specialist and according to the advice from the Internet.

The doctor usually prescribes antibiotics first, and then a medication that addresses the specific problem.

The owner needs to be prepared for the long-term treatment of cystitis in the dog, at least 3 months. It is very important to cure cystitis completely and not stop taking medication, even if the dog is feeling much better.

It is in your power to help your tailed friend and make his treatment as comfortable as possible. Create a comfortable resting place for your dog that is soft, warm, and draft-free. If the pet lives in a booth or aviary, then let him into the house for the duration of the treatment, there he will recover faster.

Do not put a heating pad on a diseased organ under any circumstances! The heat encourages bacteria to proliferate, and you can only make it worse. A soft bed and a warm bedspread will suffice.

If the dog has already had cystitis once, there may be a relapse. To reduce the risk of re-illness and to support the urinary system, your pet will need a diet. There are special veterinary lines for the prevention of diseases of the urinary system. Discuss the choice of food with your veterinarian.

Cystitis in a dog
Prevention of cystitis
Good old wisdom: disease is easier to prevent than to cure. And in the question of treating cystitis in a dog, the phrase also remains relevant.

How to prevent the development of cystitis:

  1. Prevent your dog from being exposed to drafts, tiled floors, snow or any other cold surface for long periods of time.
  2. The dog should have enough clean water in the bowl to avoid dehydration.
  3. The pet must go to the toilet at least 3 times a day: abstained

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